About 1.5 km east of Nirvana Temple on the extreme eastern end Buddha Marg, Kushinagar, in the District of the same name, U.P., India
Sunset to sunrise, opens on all days
Religious & Historical
Oct-April, Auspicious Occasion Buddha Festival on Buddha Purnima (April-May)How to reach
Hire a peddled cycle rickshaw/hired taxi/on foot from the bus stand
Rambhar Stupa, situated near a pond, is also referred as Mukut Bandhan Chaitya (the Cremation Stupa) by the Buddhist traditions. The nearby pond is called Rambhar Jheel or Pond which dries up in the summer. This site is of great importance. The Stupa marks the site of Mukut Bandhan Chaitya where Buddha was cremated and ‘Mallas’ constructed a big stupa over the ashes of Buddha. It is believed that ashes of Buddha were divided in to eight parts and distributed among eight claimants who enshrined the remains of Buddha in their kingdom & built stupas. The stupa was excavated by Pandit Hiranand Shastri in 1910-11 AD, revealing remains of brick floor & corners of the walls in the centre and part of circular drum. The entire basement was exposed in 1956 AD. The stupa is 49 mts. high, resting on a circular plinth with a huge circular drum having a diameter of 34.14mts. at the top and 47.24 mts. at the base with two or more terraces. It is an oblong mound crowned by a brick of stupa and surrounded by the garden. Some ruins of the Chaitya have been excavated in the south-east of the stupa. The stupa was renovated later by Ashoka, the Great. The main stupa is surrounded by subsidiary structures besides votive stupas. A good number of clay seals, ornamental bricks etc. have been recovered in the excavations.