Gorakhpur: General Information
|Location||In the north eastern part of Eastern Uttar Pradesh on NH-28 in the district of the same name, India|
|Climate||Summer 30°C to 43°C, Winter 5 °C to 25°C|
|Best time to visit||October to March|
|Languages Spoken||Hindi & English|
|Must Visit||Gita Press & Gorakhnath Temple|
|Handicrafts||Handloom, Textiles & Terracotta|
|Local Transport||Cycle rickshaw/ taxi/auto-rickshaw|
|Fairs & Festivals||Makar Sankranti fair, from 14h January at Gorakhnath Temple|
|Distances||About 265 km from Lucknow, 783 km from New Delhi, 816 km from Kolkata, 1690 km from Mumbai, 220 km from Varanasi, 277 km from Allahabad, 90 km from Nepal Border.|
Gorakhpur, named after saint Gorakshnath, an eminent profounder saint of Nath Sampradaya, is one of the most important religious and cultural centres of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. The city is known for its proximity to Kushinagar and Nepal. That is why it serves as a gateway and stop over to the Buddhist places of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the headquarter of North-Eastern Railway.
The city was once part of the famous Koshla kingdom of Lord Rama, during the Vedic period. In the ancient period, the city has remained under the rule of Sishunaga, Nanda, Maurya and Sunga dynasties. The city rose to prominence in 12th century, when it became the centre of famous Mahayogi Guru Gorakshnath. He has influenced generations of Hindus that follow his sect.
Gorakhpur city is situated at the confluence of River Rapti and Rohin, both forming the western boundary of the city. To the southeast of the city lies a large lake, named Ramgarh Tal and on the east lies an extensive forest tract named- Ramgarh Reserved Forest (popularly known as Kusmhi Jungle). Gorakhpur is an important junction for all Indian & foreigner tourists intending to go to Nepal. It is well connected by rail, road and airways to different parts of the country.
Gorakhpur and its surrounding areas have been a land of primeval grandeur and medieval mysticisms. It is endowed with splendid monuments and temples and entertainment opportunities. Gorakhnath Temple, Gita Press, Vishnu Temple, Gita Vatika, Arogya Mandir, Imambara and Ramgarh Tal are the major attractions of the city and a must see for all those visiting the place.
Gorakhpur has been associated with great literary figures like Munshi Premchand and Firaq Gorakhpuri. Premchand, the famous Hindi novelist and story-writer, spent many years here, during the early days of his life, teaching at the local Normal School, a beautiful park, "Munshi Premchand Memorial Park" popularly known as Premchand Park, has been built near this school and houses a library and statue of the writer. Raghupati Sahai Firaq, the internationally acclaimed exponent of Urdu poetry, was born & brought up at Gorakhpur.
Gorakhpur has produced many revolutionaries, patriots and freedom fighters. Noted among these are Amar Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil, 'Swatantrata Senani' Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Baba Raghav Das and Shaheed Bandhu Singh. Ram Prasad Bismil was jailed and hanged at Gorakhpur district jail, where cell No. 8, his hanging site stands even today as a mute testimony to an infamous act of a cruel ruler.
Handicrafts: The city is a hub of handloom products. Widespread handloom industry of Gorakhpur comprises of thousands of looms, with the specialty of the production of the towels, bed-sheets, bed-covers, table cloths, pillow covers and curtains.
Terracotta Town Situated at a distance of 9 to 17 km from Gorakhpur city, there are many villages, which are famous for terracotta products. The beautiful terracotta horse, elephant and figures, originally meant for dedicating to village deities on special occasions, have found an appreciation in national and international market. Being exported to several countries, most of the villagers residing in these villages are engaged in manufacturing terracotta handicrafts. Several National and International Awards have already been won by the artists of this area.
How to reach
By Road: Road radiates from the city to Nepal boarder on the north (NH-29A), Maharajganj on the northeast (SH-81), Kushinagar on the east (National Highway-28), Deoria on the southeast (SH-1), Varanasi (NH-29) on the south and Lucknow (National Highway-28) on the west side. It serves as the main nodal point for Kushinagar, Kapilvastu and Nepal. There is regular bus service available to and from all the nearby cities and for other routes like Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi etc.
By Rail: Gorakhpur, an important railway station and headquarter of the NER (North Eastern Railway), is well connected with all major cities of India. The main North Eastern Railway line traverses the city from the west to east There are many direct trains which connect the city to other major cities like-Varanasi, Allahabad, Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Trivandrum etc.
By Air: Gorakhpur civil airport is situated at about 6 km. from the city centre, towards the eastern part of the city in Air force area, Jetlite Airways is operating its flight from this airport to New Delhi (Monday-Friday). Nearest other commercial Airports are Amausi-Lucknow(271km) and Babatpur-Varanasi(237km).