Located on the bank of River Yamuna in Kaushambi district of U.P., India
Allahabad about 60 km, Sarnath 190 km, Manjhanpur (district headquarter) 19 km
How to reach
Can be accessed from Allahabad via-Allahabad-Kanpur road (NH-02) up to Manauli (about 17 km from Allahabad) & then to Kosam (Kaushambi) by irregular bus service from Leader Road bus stand, Allahabad or hire a taxi from Allahabad.
Allahabad Junction, located on NR and NER railway line, is 60 km away
Bamrauli Airport (Allahabad) 45 km, Babatpur (Varanasi) 200 km, Amausi (Lucknow) 260 km
Kaushambi (Kosam), once the capital of Chedi-Vatsa Janpada, one of the important Janpada among 16 Janpadas of that time and was ruled by King Udayan. According to Buddha Ghosh, an eminent writer of Buddhist literature, many Kosam trees were destroyed to establish and develop this city, hence the name Kaushambi. This archaeological site is protected by Archaeological Department of India. During ancient times, it was a great centre of Buddhism & Jainism both. The remains of the fort seen at its present site confirm the antiquity of this city. The city was one of the six most important & prosperous towns during Buddha Period. The city got greater prominence after the visit of Lord Buddha in 6th & 9th year, after his enlightenment. He is supposed to have delivered many sermons during his visit and elevating it to the ‘centre of learning’ for Buddhists. A large number of relics & ruins, sculptures, figurines, coins, seals etc., recovered during excavations from this site, are lodged in the museum of Ancient History Department of Allahabad University.
1. Udyan Fort:
Built in 6th Century BC, the Fort is situated in the south-west corner of the ancient walled city. The fort was discovered during excavations, conducted by Cunningham & Archaeological Department of India in 1861. According to Cunningham the boundary wall of the fort was about four mile long & about 30.35 feet high & for security reasons trenches were dug all along the boundary wall of the fort. The layout of the fort is barrel shaped & having thick walls made up of exceptionally long & wide bricks.
2. Ashoka Pillar:
The Pillar, located on the eastern entrance of the Kaushambi city and was built by Emperor Ashoka in 232 BC, is also the main attraction of this archaeological site. Excavation of the area reveals that there was a Vihar around the pillar.
3. Ghositram Vihar:
The Vihar has got special mention in Buddhist literature and was one of the four major Buddhist Vihars of Kaushambi. Ghositram, a businessman of Kaushambi, built the Vihar to provide lodging to Buddha & his disciples and hence the name Ghositram Vihar. At the entrance of the Vihar there are remains of the shrine of Hariti, which was renovated later and existed till Gupta period. The area was under the reign of terror of Hariti, who was supposed to have been a man eater but had a complete change of heart through the sermons of Lord Buddha. A temple in her name exists here.
4. Digamber Jain Temple:
(Temple timings: 6am-8pm) This temple was built in 1834 by late Prabhudas & later renovated in 1919. This is the birth place of 6th Jain Thirthankar Padam Prabhu, who received his education, practiced meditation and got enlightenment here. The temple houses his idol made of white marble & foot marks, which are worth watching.