|Location||Anagarika Dharmapala Road, near Archaeological Museum, Sarnath at a distance of 10 km from Varanasi, U.P., India|
|Entry Fee||For Indians Rs.-5, Foreigners $ 2 or Rs. 100 & Video camera charges Rs. 25|
|Timings||Sunrise to Sunset, opens on all days|
|How to reach||By taxi, auto rickshaw from Varanasi/cycle rickshaw/on foot from any part of the town|
This is a must visit site of Sarnath and signifies the 'Seat of Holy Buddha'. The stupa is the most remarkable and sacred structure of Sarnath. It was at this spot that Buddha conveyed his first sermon on Anattalakana Sutta to his five disciples. The stupa stands majestically and is a glorious site to watch. Built of stone & bricks the stupa has the base of 28.5mts diameter and a height of 33.5mts or 42.1mts including foundation. Delicate floral carvings of Gupta Period at the lower part of stupa are worth appreciating. This monument was a gift from Govindacharya of Kashi to his Buddhist wife Kumaradevi.
Emperor Ashoka visited Sarnath in 273-232 BC and got a smooth glistening pillar erected which marked the foundation of the Buddhist Sangha. The pillar was discovered during the excavation in 1905. The lion capital on the top of this pillar (now preserved in the Archaeological museum, Sarnath) is now India's emblem.
Many other important structures related to Buddha Period exist within the premises of stupa. Among them the important ones are Panchaytan Temple, Group of Votives, an excavated site, remains of Ashoka Pillar, Dharmarajika stupa, Buddhist shrines etc.